Five by-elections on 23rd July 2015, four covered over on English Elections, and the remaining one here.
Caerphilly county borough council
Caused by the resignation of Labour councillor Gerald Jones, who is now the MP for Merthyr Tydfil and Rhymney.
There's not a lot to say about New Tredegar really: it's an ex-pit village deep in the Rhymney Valley, with everything that implies. Almost uniformly British, 42% of the adult population have no qualifications, and there are high levels of unemployment, long-term sickness and routine occupations. The division includes all of the village together with other hamlets in the valley which are part of the New Tredegar community, such as Brithdir. The ward is linked to Cardiff by Brithdir and Tir-Phil railway stations on the Rhymney Valley line.
Labour have not been seriously challenged in this ward in the last few elections, and in 2012 the two Labour councillors were opposed only by a single Independent candidate who lost by 73% to 27%. The ward's other Labour councillor died shortly afterwards, and Labour did even better in the resulting by-election, polling 85% against opposition from Plaid (12%) and the Tories.
This second by-election in New Tredegar in the 2012-2016 term is defended for Labour by Mark Evans. He is opposed by Robert Lea for the Tories and Ian Gorman for UKIP.
Parliamentary and Assembly constituency: Merthyr Tydfil and Rhymney
Oct 2012 by-election Lab 692 PC 95 C 24
May 2012 result Lab 965/744 Ind 362
May 2008 result Lab 930/804 PC 325/310
June 2004 result Lab 1083/928 PC 326